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Dr.Yi-Yuan Tang
Integrative Body-Mind Training(IBMT)

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   Dr. Yi-Yuan Tang
Dr. Tang was born in China and started eastern traditional practice and training when he was very young and learned different body-mind methods and techniques from more than 20 teachers. He has been working at the universities over 20 years since he got the first faculty position in 1987. He has been a full Professor of Neuroinformatics, Neuroscience and Psychology, and the founding director and director of the first Institute of Neuroinformatics and Laboratory of Body and Mind in Chinese university since 2001. He is also the adjunct professor at the Center for Social & Organizational Behavior, Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, the adjunct professor at Key Laboratory for Mental Health, the Chinese Academy of Sciences and the adjunct professor at PLA General Hospital (301 Hospital), etc. Dr. Tang then moved to the University of Oregon, USA as a research professor working with Dr. Michael Posner applying meditation training attention and self-regulation. He is now the Director of Texas Tech Neuroimaging Institute, Presidential Endowed Chair in Neuroscience and Professor at Department of Psychology, College of Arts & Sciences, Texas Tech University, USA.

Dr. Tang has been internationally known in the use of functional MRI to examine brain connectivity in cognitive task and found cultures shape math processing in the brain (Tang etal, PNAS, 2006). Based on the results from many adults and children ranging from 4 to 90 years old in China, Dr. Tang developed Integrative Body-Mind Training (IBMT) in the 1990¨s and its effects studied in China since 1995. His recent results indicated that IBMT is an easy, effective way for improvement in self-regulation in cognition, emotion and social behavior within 5 days of training (Tang etal, PNAS, 2007). IBMT improves attention and self-regulation by changing the interaction between the central (brain) and the autonomic (body) systems as indexed by ACC theta power and high frequency HRV correlation (Tang etal, PNAS, 2009). Eleven hours of IBMT induces white matter changes in the anterior cingulate in the brain. Thus, IBMT could provide a means for improving self-regulation and perhaps reducing or preventing various mental disorders (Tang etal, PNAS, 2010). Recent research also indicated the mechanisms of white matter changes induced by IBMT (Tang et al, PNAS, 2012). Brief IBMT can reduce smoking and decrease craving (Tang et al, PNAS, 2013). IBMT is a state training technique compared to the computerized network training (Tang et al, TICS, 2012) , such as working memory training ( Tang et al, TICS, 2014 ).

Dr. Tang is APS Fellow (Association for Psychological Science) and received New Century Excellent Talents Awards from Ministry of Education in China, Distinguished Teaching Awards and Mentor Award for Graduates from university, etc. He has published more than 200 internationally/nationally peer-reviewed articles including Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS), Trends in Cognitive Sciences, Neuroimage, Human Brain Mapping, Progress in Brain Research, Neurocomputing, Neural Networks, Pattern Recognition Letters, Brain Research, Neuroscience Letters, Experimental Neurology, Cognitive, Affective, & Behavioral Neuroscience, Life Science, Psychiatry Research, Stress and Health, Physica A, NeuroReport, Chinese Science Bulletin, Chin Phys Lett, Chin Med J., etc. His works have been reported and commented by leading prestigious journals such as Nature, Science, Nature Review Neuroscience, Neuron, TICS and many media such as the Associate Press, Reuters, BBC, AFP, NBC, NPR, CNN, CBC, NBC, TIME, New York Times, USA today, Fox News, Washington Post, Los Angeles Time, Oprah Magazine Medical Daily, Eureka Alert, Parade Magazine, Reader Digest, Prevention Magazine, New Scientists, CCTV, China Daily,etc.


Dr. Tang is the Associate Editor of Social Cognitive & Affective Neuroscience (SCAN). He edited a SCAN Special Issue on mindfulness neuroscience in 2012 (Tang et al, 2012a, 2012b). He serves as reviewers for Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Trends in Cognitive Sciences, Journal of Neuroscience, Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, Human Brain Mapping, Neuroimage, Social Cognitive & Affective Neuroscience,Psychoneuroendocrinology, Cerebral Cortex,Developmental Science, Neuropsychologia, Biological Psychology, Brain, Behavior and Immunity, Behaviour Research and Therapy, Neuroinformatics, Frontiers in Neuroinformatics, Physiology & Behavior, Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, Journal of Psychosomatic Research, Learning and Individual Differences, Neuropsychology Review, PLoS ONE, etc. His research received support from NSFC, MOST, MOE in China and AP Foundation, Bower Foundation, Templeton Foundation, NIH, ONR in US.

Dr. Tang¨s research applies the tools of neuroimaging (fMRI, PET/SPECT, ERP), psychosocial and physiological measures (heart rate variability, skin conductance, etc) as well as genetic analysis and covers the topics in cultural neuroscience, cognitive, affective and social neuroscience, developmental neuroscience, body-mind medicine, prevention science, computational neuroscience and neuroleadership. He is the founder of the Integrative Body Mind Training (IBMT) and once trained many thousands children and adults to improve the attention, self-regulation and performance.
 

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Contact : yiyuan@uoregon.edu
 
 

Until 2010, Dr. Tang has published more than 200 peer-reviewed articles including Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS), Trends in Cognitive Sciences, Neuroimage, Human Brain Mapping, Progress in Brain Research, Neurocomputing, Neural Networks, Pattern Recognition Letters, Brain Research, Neuroscience Letters, Experimental Neurology, Cognitive, Affective, & Behavioral Neuroscience, Life Science, Psychiatry Research, Stress and Health, Physica ANeuroReport, Chinese Science Bulletin, Chin Phys Lett, Chin Med J., etc.and 8 books. His works have been reported and commented by leading prestigious journals such as Nature, Science, Nature Review Neuroscience, Neuron, TICS and many media such as the Associate Press, Reuters, BBC, AFP, NBC, NPR, CNN, CBC, New York Times, TIME, Washington Post, Los Angeles Time, Oprah MagazineParade Magazine, Reader Digest, Prevention Magazine, New Scientists, CCTV, China Daily,etc.
 
 

 
Selected publications  
 
  Tang YY, Posner MI. (2014). Training brain networks and states. Trends Cogn Sci . In press
Brain training includes network training through repetitive practice that exercises specific brain networks and state training, which changes the brain state in a way that influences many networks. We propose two widely used methods - working memory training and meditation training - to demonstrate the similarities and differences between network and state training. These two forms of training involve different areas of the brain and different forms of generalization.
  Tang YY, Tang R, Posner MI. (2013). Brief meditation training induces smoking reduction. Proc Natl Acad Sci US A.110(34): 13971-13975.
More than 5 million deaths a year are attributable to tobacco smoking, but attempts to help people either quit or reduce their smoking often fail. in comparison with Relaxation Training, 5 h of IBMT produces a 60% smoking reduction, 30% quitting and a decrease in craving even in those smokers without intention to quit. This behavior change is accompanied by greater ACC/medial PFC activity associated with self-control network.
 
  Yi-Yuan Tang and Michael I. Posner. Special issue on mindfulness neuroscience. 2013, Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci 8(1): 1-3
 
We propose a new field 'Mindfulness Neuroscience'.
  Yi-Yuan Tang and Michael I. Posner. Tools of the trade: theory and method in mindfulness neuroscience. 2013, Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci 8(1): 118-120
 
This paper discusses the theory, method and challenge in mindfulness meditation research.
  Tang YY, Lu Q, Fan M, Yang Y, Posner MI. Mechanisms of White Matter Changes Induced by Meditation. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 2012, 109 (26): 10570-10574 .
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Science Daily
We found 2-wk IBMT changed axial diffusivity involved axonal density, and improved moods;4-wk IBMT changed both myelin and axonal density. Our results demonstrate the time-course of white matter neuroplasticity in short-term meditation. This dynamic pattern of white matter change involving the brain network related to self-regulation, could provide a means for intervention to improve or prevent mental disorders.
 
  Tang YY, Rothbart MK, Posner MI. Neural correlates of establishing, maintaining and switching brain states. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 2012, 16(6): 330-337
This paper explains the brain mechanisms how to create, maintain and switch brain states.
Tang YY,  Lu Q, Geng X, Stein EA, Yang Y, Posner MI. Short-term meditation induces white matter changes in the anterior cingulate.
Proc Natl Acad Sci USA. 2010 , 107(35):15649-52.

Media Relations: 
Science Daily
This paper reported short-term meditation can change brain white matter structure.
  Tang YY, Ma Y., Fan Y.,Feng H., Wang J., Feng S., Lu Q., Hu B., Lin Y., Li J., Zhang Y., Wang Y., Zhou L., Fan M..Central and autonomic nervous system interaction is altered by short-term meditation. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences,USA. 2009,106(22):8865-70
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Science Daily
IBMT involves body and brain interaction and balance.
 

Tang YY,Ma Y., Wang J., Fan Y., Feng S., Lu Q., Yu Q., Sui D.. Rothbart M.K., Fan M., Posner, M.I.. Short term meditation training improves attention and self regulation. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA, 2007, 104 (43):17152-17156  
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This article had been listed in the top ten of Nature China published research highlights in 2007.

Science Daily:       
Nature

Reuters

  Tang YY, Zhang W.T., Chen K.W., Feng S.H., Ji Y., Shen J.X., Reiman E.M., Liu Y.Y.. Arithmetic processing in the brain shaped by cultures. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA, 2006, 103 (26):10775-10780(Top Story) 
Comments by:
Science Daily
Nature Review Neuroscience
Trends in Cognitive Science
  Tang YY, Posner MI. Attention training and attention state training. Trends Cogn Sci. 200913(5):222-7  
We propose two types of training: attention training using computerized program and attention state training such as meditation.
  Tang YY, Posner MI.Response to Jaeggi et.al.. Exploring training methods. Trends Cogn Sci. 200913(5):192-3  
  Tang YY, Liu Y. Numbers in the cultural brain. Prog Brain Res. 2009, 178:151-7.
   

More  Publications

 
Interview with Dr. Yi-Yuan Tang: 1>         2>     

Dr. Yi-Yuan Tang is the Director of Texas Tech Neuroimaging Institute, Presidential Endowed Chair in Neuroscience and Professor at Department of Psychology, College of Arts & Sciences, Texas Tech University, USA and an adjunct professor at the University of Oregon. He is currently studying the application of meditation training and its effects on attention and self-regulation.